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Generic Name (active ingredient): Nitrofurantoin
Brand Name: Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin, Nitrofur Mac, Nitro Macro and Urantoin
Nitrofurantoin is antibacterial medication that belongs to a group of antibiotics called nitrofurans. It is used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms.
How does the medication work?
Nitrofurantoin is a broad spectrum antibacterial medication that belongs to a group of medications called nitrofurans. Nitrofurantoin exerts bacteriostatic and bactericidal action against the most of microorganisms that cause urinary tract infections such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., Proteus spp. Being oxygen acceptors nitrofurantoin disturbs the processes of cellular respiration and inhibit the synthesis of nucleic acid.
When Nitrofurantoin is prescribed?
Nitrofurantoin is used to treat bacterial infection of the urinary system (pyelitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis,urethritis) caused by susceptible microorganisms
Prophylaxis of infections during urological interventions (cystoscopy, catheterization)
What should I know before taking Nitrofurantoin?
Do not use this medication if you are allergic to Nitrofurantoin or to any other medicines such as:
Do not take Nitrofurantoin if any of the below conditions apply to you:
Before taking Nitrofurantoin, tell your health care provider about any other medicines you take or if you have any of the following disorders:
If you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or breastfeed, you should take Nitrofurantoin only under a strict control of your doctor. Nitrofurantoin belongs to a pregnancy category B meaning that safety of the medication was not studied in pregnant women.
How to take Nitrofurantoin:
Nitrofurantoin is available in the form of tablets which should be taken orally swallowing whole. Dosage of Nitrofurantoin is prescribed individually by physician.
Take the entire amount of Nitrofurantoin prescribed by your doctor, even if you feel better before the end of the treatment. If you stop taking medication too early, symptoms may return.
If you missed the scheduled dose, take the medication as soon as you remember, but skip the dose if it is almost the time for the following dose. Do not take two doses at once.
What are the side effects of Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin may cause the following side effects:
If you experience any side effect that last long or becomes bothersome, please inform your doctor as dose adjustment or treatment discontinuation may be required.
Which are Nitrofurantoin overdose symptoms?
If you overdose Nitrofurantoin, seek immediate medical attention. Overdose symptoms include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, disorders of central nervous system
Which other medicines may affect Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin may interact with the following groups of drugs:
For a complete list of possible interactions ask your doctor or pharmacist. Before taking Nitrofurantoin, let your doctor know what other medicines, including OTC, you currently take.
How should I store Nitrofurantoin?
You should store the medication at dry and protected from light place out of reach of children